Normand Mousseau
Professor of Physics and Academic director
of the Trottier Energy Institute

Sami Mahmoud

Ph.D. Student

Research Project

  • Defect diffusion in nickel
  • Kinetic ART

Funding

  • Tunisian government
  • NSERC

Articles published in the group



  • S. Mahmoud, M. Trochet, O. A. Restrepo, N. Mousseau, Study of point defects diffusion in nickel using kinetic activation-relaxation technique, Acta Materialia 144, 679-690 (2018).
    Abstract: Abstract Point defects play a central role in materials properties. Yet, details regarding their diffusion and aggregation are still largely lacking beyond the monomer and dimer. Using the kinetic Activation Relaxation Technique (k-ART), a recently proposed off-lattice kinetic Monte Carlo method, the energy landscape, kinetics and diffusion mechanisms of point defect in fcc nickel are characterized, providing an exhaustive picture of the motion of one to five vacancies and self-interstitials in this system. Starting with a comparison of the prediction of four empirical potentials — the embedded atom method (EAM), the original modified embedded atom method (MEAM1NN), the second nearest neighbor modified embedded atom method (MEAM2NN) and the Reactive Force Field (ReaxFF) —, it is shown that while both EAM and ReaxFF capture the right physics, EAM provides the overall best agreement with ab initio and molecular dynamics simulations and available experiments both for vacancies and interstitial defect energetics and kinetics. Extensive k-ART simulations using this potential provide complete details of the energy landscape associated with these defects, demonstrated a complex set of mechanisms available to both vacancies and self-interstitials even in a simple environment such as crystalline Ni. We find, in particular, that the diffusion barriers of both vacancies and interstitials do not change monotonically with the cluster size and that some clusters of vacancies diffuse more easily than single ones. As self-interstitial clusters grow, moreover, we show that the fast diffusion takes place from excited states but ground states can act as pinning centers, contrary to what could be expected.
    Tags: Diffusion mechanisms, Energy landscape, Kinetic Activation Relaxation Technique, Nickel, Self-defect.
Tuesday 1 July 2014

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